Learn what is normal appearance and behavior for your healthy cat. Take a close look at her fur, skin, eyes, ears and nose, as well as mouth and teeth. Then, if there are any small changes, tell you vet about them. He or she will advise you and take further steps, if necessary.
The close observation of your kitten is important, as diseases are easier to treat or cure at an early stage. Keep in mind, of course, that most of the changes in your kitten's appearance and behavior are completely harmless. So, if she sneezes now and then, this doesn't necessarily mean she's got a cold.
Here is a list of the most frequent symptoms you should take action on. If you think your kitten or cat is ill, take her to the vet. He or she will either treat your cat or "give the all-clear."
- Ears Scratching: shaking the head, discharge, loss of balance, or swelling may indicate a problem.
- Eyes Discharge: swelling, marked irritation or an inflammation may indicate a problem.
- Nose: sneezing, nasal discharge or change in appearance of the nose, such as reddening or crusts.
- Fur and skin: check your cat for swellings, bald patches, scratching or any other change of the skin or fur.
- Limbs and muscles: note any lameness, unusual body movements, or abnormal posture.
- Mouth and teeth: look for over-salivation, inflammation, swelling or any visible wounds or blisters. Unpleasant odor should be checked out immediately.
- Respiratory system: watch for labored breathing, coughing or sneezing.
- Stomach and intestines: vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, signs of abdominal pain, abnormal stools, or blood in vomit or stools may indicate a problem.
- Urinary tract: copious urination, abnormal thirst, blood in urine, incontinence (urinating in inappropriate places because of lack of control), pain or inability to urinate may indicate a problem.
- Genitals discharge: marked irritation, obsessive cleaning of genital area, or frequent urination may indicate a problem.